Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) description, Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) side effects, Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) price, Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) substance

Terms & Conditions | F.A.Q.

  Your Cart:


Your Cart is empty


Home Checkout My Cart My Order Contact us
Buy Steroids Online:
Bulking Steroids:
Anabol 10mg x 100 tablets
Anabol 10mg x 1000 tablets
Anabol 5mg x 1000 tablets BD
Anabol 5mg x 1000 tablets BP
Anabol 50mg Methandienone 100 tabs
Anabol 50mg 100 tabs C&K
Anabol 5mg Methandienone 1000 tabs
Anabol 5mg 100 tabs C&K
Anadrol 50 / oxymetholone
Anapolon 50mg (Oxymetholone)
Anavar (oxandrolone) 5 mg
Anazol (Stanozolol) 2mg
Andriol / Testosterone Undecanoate
Andriol testocaps 40mg
Andriol Testocaps (Testosterone Undecanoate) 40mg caps
Andriol Testocaps 40mg
Androgel / Testosterone Gel 1% 5gms
Androlic (Oxymetholone) 50mg
Androlic 50mg
Androlic 50mg, C&K, China
Andropen 275mg/1ml, 10ml
Andropen 275mg/1ml, 20ml
Androvit Depot 5ml Vial/250mg/1ml
Averbol 25, 10ml (Injectable Dianabol)
Azolol (Stanozolol) 5mg
BONALONE (Oxymetholone)
Clomid 50mg, Global Napi
Cypioject 10 ml Testosterone cypionate
Cypionator 10ml Vial / 300mg/1ml
Cypionax 200 mg (Testosterone cypionate)
Cytopilin-200 (Testosterone Cypionate)
Danabol (Methandrostenolone) 10mg
Deca Durabolin (Nandrolone decanoate) 1 ml
Deca Durabolin (Nandrolone decanoate) 2 ml.Vial/200mg/2ml
Deca-Durabolin (Nandrolone decanoate) 2 ml / 100mg/ml
Deca-Durabolin (Nandrolone decanoate) 2 ml / 100mg/ml
Deca-durabolin 100mg
Deca-durabolin 50mg
Decabol 250 (Nandrolone Decanoate)
Decabole 300 (Nandrolone Decanoate)
Decadubol-100 (Nandrolone Decanoate)
Decaject (nandrolone decanoate)
Dinandrol 100mg (Nandrolone Mix)
Durabol 100, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate
Durabol 200 (Nandrolone Phenylpropionate)
Durabole 200 (Nandrolone Phenylpropionate)
Durabolin 25, nandrolone phenylpropionate
Halotestex 10mg (Fluoxymesterone)
Halotestin 5mg (Fluoxymesterone)
Mastabol Depot 200 BD
Metanabol 5mg / Jelfa
Methanabol (Methandienone) 10mg 100tabs
Methanabol (Methandienone) 10mg
Methanabol (Methandienone) 50mg
Methandriol Dipropionate 75
Methandrostenoloni - 5mg
Nandrolone decanoate 2ml
Naposim (Dianabol/Methandianone) 5mg
Naposim 5mg (Dianabol/Methandianone)
Omnadren 250mg/1ml Jelfa
Oxanabol (Oxandrolone) 10mg 50tabs
Oxanabol, 5mg, C&K
Oxandrolone (Oxandrolone) 5mg
Oxandrolone SPA (Oxandrolone) 2.5mg
Oxydrol 50mg (Oxymetholone) 100 Tabs
Oxydrol 50mg (Oxymetholone)
Oxymetholone (Oxymetholone) 50mg
Primobolan Depot (Methenolone) 1ml
Primoteston Depot 1ml
Propionator 200 (Testosterone Propionate)
Restandol 60 caps (40mg/tab)
Sostenon 250 / Sustanon 250 (4 Testosterones) 250mg/1ml
SustaJect 250
Sustanon 250
Sustanon 250 (4 Testosterones)
Sustanon 250mg/1ml Nile
Sustor 250 (4 Testosterones) 10 ml
Testabol Cypionate
Testabol Depot / testosterone cypionate
Testabol Enanthate 250mg
Testabol Enanthate 250mg/1ml
Testabol Propionate 100 BD
Testex Prolongatum 250mg/2ml Q Pharma, Laboratiries., Spain
TestoJect 10 ml bottle 250 mg/ml
Testole Depot (Testosterone Enanthate)
Testolic (Testosterone Propionate) 100mg/ml, 2ml amps
Testoprop (Testosterone Propionate)
Testosterone (Testosterone Enanthate)
Testosterone Compound (Sustanon)
Testosterone cypionate 10ml
Testosterone Enanthate 250
Testosterone Enanthate 250 Norma
Testosterone Propionate, 50mg/ml , 1ml amp, Farmak
Testosterone suspension / Aqiaviron
Testoviron Depot / Schering
TESTOVIS / testosterone-propionate
Trenabol 75 / Trenbolone Acetate
Tri-Trenabol 150
Turanabol 10mg
Vironate (Testosterone Cypionate)
Virormone 2ml (Testosterone Propionate) 100mg (50mg/1ml)



Cutting Steroids:
Aldactazide 25mg
Anadiol Depot 75mg/ml
Boldabol 10ml 200mg/ml
Boldabol 10ml 200mg/ml
Boldenol 100 10ml Vial/100mg/1ml
Bonavar 2.5mg
BU - Equipoise 200 mg/ml
Cetabon
Danabolan 76mg/1.5ml
Drive (Boldenone undecylenate) 25mg/ml, 10ml vial
Equilon 100mg/1ml
Equipoise 50mg/1ml
ILIUM Stanabolic 50mg/ml 20ml
Lasix 40mg
Mastabol 100 / 100mg/ml
Mastabol Depot 200 / 200 mg/ml
Masteron 100 / 100mg/1ml
Parabolan / trenbolone acetate, 25mg
Primobol 50mg
Primobol-100 10ml
Primobolan Depot (Methenolone) 1ml
Primobol-100 (Methenolone Enanthate) 10ml
Primoject 10ml vial contains 1000mg
Protabol (methandriol dipropionate) 75mg/ml, 10ml vial
Stanabol 10mg (Stanozolol) BD
Stanabol 10mg (Stanozolol) BD
Stanabol 50injectable (Stanozolol) BD
Stanabol 50mg (Stanozolol) BD
Stanabol 50mg (Stanozolol) C&K
Stanabol 5mg (Stanozolol)
Stanazol (Stanozolol) 50mg/ml, 20ml vial
Stanoject (Stanozolol) 10 ml, 50mg/ml
STANOL (stanozolol) 5 mg 200tab
Stanol 50mg/1ml (stanozolol)
STANOZOLOL (Winstrol) 1ml x 50mg/ml
Stanozolol 10mg 100Tabs
STANOZOLOL 50mg/ml (ILIUM)
Testolic (Testosterone Propionate) 100mg/ml, 2ml amps
TESTOPIN-100 2ml (testosterone propinoate)
Trenabol 200 (Trenbolone Enanthate) 10ml
Trenabol 75 (Trenbolone Acetate) 10ml
Trenabol depot 100mg/1ml, 10ml
Trenbola 100 (Trenbolone Acetate) 10ml
Trenbolone Acetate 25 mg
Trenbolone Depot (Trenbolone Enanthate) 10ml
Tri-Trenbola (Testosterone Mix) 10ml
Turanabol (Chlorodehydromethyltestosterone)
Virormone 2ml (Testosterone Propionate)
Voltaren 75 Diclofenac sodium
Winstrol (Stanozolol) 20mg 50tabs
Winstrol Depot (stanozolol) 50mg



Man's Health:
Apcalis (Tadalafil) 20mg
Caverject 10mcg
Caverject 20mcg
Caverject 20mcg
Cialis (Eli Lilly) 20mg Qty. 4
Cialis 25 mg
Kamagra Gold 100mg Sildenafil Citrate
Kamagra Jelly 100mg Sildenafil Citrate Oral Jelly
Propecia 1mg (Finasteride)
Viagra
Viagra 100mg (Sildenafil Citrate) 4 Tabs/100mg



HCG / HGH / Human Hormones:
Choriomon 5000 IU
Chorionic Gonadotropin 10 x 2000 IU
Chorionic Gonadotropin 10 x 5000 IU
EPIAO 10000IU/1ml
EPIAO 2000IU/1ml
Humatrope Somatropin 60IU Package (4 Vials x 15 IU)
Humulin (100iu per 1ml / 3ml Vial)
IGF1 Long R3 100mcg per Vial
Jintropin 10IU(100IU/box)
Jintropin 4IU(40IU/box)
Jintropin™ AQ 30iu (150iu/kit)
Jintropin™ AQ 30iu (300iu/kit)
Norditropin (HGH) 4iu (1.3mg) + Solvent
Pregnyl 5000 IU
Pregnyl 15'000 IU
Riptropin 10iu vial - (100ui kit)
Somatropin 8IU, (80IU per kit), 10 vials
SymbioTropin Pro hgh 40 tabs



Anti Estrogens:
Anastrozole 1mg
Anastrozole / Altraz 1mg
Arimidex / Anastrozole 1mg
Aromasin 20mg / Exemestane Tablets
Aromasin 25 mg / Pfizer
Aromasin 25 mg / Pharmacy & UpJohn
Capoten / Captopril 60 tabs 25mg
Cialis, 20mg, Tadalafil
Cialis, 20mg, Tadalafil, (bottle type)
Cialis, 25mg C&K
Clenbuterol 40mcg 100 Tabs
Clenbuterol / Hubei Huangshi
Clenbuterol / Hydrochloride 20mcg
Clenbuterol / Hydrochloride 0,02 mg
Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate) 50mg
Clomid 50mg Clomiphene citrate
Clomid 50mg, Aventis
Clomid 50mg, Brunno Farmaceutici
Clomifen 25 mg
Clomiphene (Clomiphene Citrate) 50mg
Clomiphene 50mg Clomifene citrate
Clomiphene Citrate 12 Tabs/50mg
Clomiphene citrate 50mg
Clostilbegyt (Clomiphene) 50mg
Eltroxin (T4) (Thyroxin Sodium) 100mcg 1000tabs
Euthyrox 100 (Levothyroxine Sodium/T4)100mg
Euthyrox 50 (Levothyroxine Sodium / T4) 100 tabs/50mg
GP Letrozole (20 tabs 2.5 mg/tab)
Legalon 70 (70mg Thistle Milk Fruit Extract)
Liv-52 (100 Tabs per bottle)
Mesterolone BD (Proviron)
Nolvadex (Tamoxifene) 10mg
Nolvadex 10mg
Nolvadex, 20mg, AstraZeneca
Nolvadex, 40mg, AstraZeneca
Nolvadex, 50mg
Omifin 50 mg
Ovinum (Clomiphene Citrate) 50mg
Proviron (Mesterolone) 25mg
Proviron (Mesterolone) 50mg
Proviron 25mg Mesterolone
Provironum (Mesterolone) 25mg / 150 Tabs
Provironum 25 mg / (Mesterolone)
Spiropent (Clenbuterol) 100 Tabs/20mcg (Clenbuteroli Hydrochloridum)
Tamoxifen (Tamoxifeni Dihydrogenocitras) 10mg/100 Tabs
Teslac (Testolactone) 50mg / 100 tabs
Tiratricol (T3) 50 x 1mg tablets
Xenical (Orlistat) 84 x 120mg capsules



Anti Depressants:
Rivotril (CLONAZEPAM) 2 mg
Rivotril (Clonazepam) 2mg 60tabs
Rohypnol (Flunitrazepam) 1mg
Valium (Diazepam) 10mg 50tabs
Valium (DIAZEPAM) 5mg 60tabs



Head Ache:
Maxalt (Rizatripan) 10 mg
Relpax 40mg
Zomigon (Zolmitriptane) 2.5mg



Herpes:
Famvir (Famciclovir) 125 mg
Viranet / Valtrex (Valacyclovir) 500mg
Zovirax, 5%, 15 gm Tube (Acyclovir)



Muscle Relaxers:
Baclofen 25mg
Muscoril Caps 20 x 4 mg
Norgesic generic (Nuberol) (Orphenadrine)



Pain Releaf:
Advil (Ibuprofen) 200mg
Celebrex 200mg 120caps
Celebrex 200mg 20caps
Mesulid (Nimesulide) 100mg
Movatec (Meloxicam) 15mg
Naprosyn 500mg
Oruvail (Ketoprofen) 200mg
Vioxx 25mg



Quit Smoking:
Zyban (bupropion) 150 mg



Skin Care:



Weight Loss:
Cytomel / T3 (liothyronine sodium) 50mcg / 100 Tabs
Cytomel / T3 / Cynomel / Liothyronine Sodium
Cytomel / T4 50 mg (levothyroxine sodium)
DNP (2,4-Dinitrophenol) 100 mg Capsules
Helios - Clenbuterol & Yohimbine HCL blend
Phentermine (blue/clear) 30mg. 100 Caps
Reductil 15mg Sibutramine Hydrochloride
T3 Cytomel (Liothyronine Sodium) 100mcg / 100 Tabs
Thiomucase cream (mucopolisacaridasa) 100 mg/Tube
TRIACANA 0.35 mcg (3,5,3´-triiodothyroacetic acid - Tiratricol)
Xenical 120mg



Genital Warts:
Aldara cream 5% (Imiquimod)
Wartek (Podophyllotoxin) cream 5 gr x 0,15%



Anti-hair loss:
Harifin 5 (Finasteride) 5mg
Propecia (Finasteride) 1mg
Proscar (Finasteride) 5mg / 15 Tabs



Stimulants:
Efedrina Level 25mg (Efedrina Clorhidrato)
Nucofed (Ephedrine)



 
Menu



Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)

Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)

Description:
Linoleic acid (LA) is a naturally occurring fatty acid found predominantly in beef and dairy products. LA is one of the two essential fatty acids (the other is linolenic acid). Linoleic acid is an omega-6 fatty acid, meaning that it is unsaturated, with a double bond occurring at the sixth carbon atom from the omega end of the molecule. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is an isomer of LA - which refers to a slight rearrangement of the molecular structure (conjugation) - resulting in a fatty acid with altered chemical functions. The rearrangement in this case is a conjugated double bond occurring at carbons 10 and 12 or at carbons 9 and 11. Linoleic acid is found in the diet in vegetable oils, whereas the conjugated variety, CLA, is found primarily in meat and dairy products. The form of CLA found most commonly in dietary supplements is manufactured from vegetable oils such as sunflower oil or safflower oil. One of the leading brands of CLA (TonalinTM), and the one on which the majority of studies has been conducted, is derived from safflower oil.

Claims:


  • Builds muscle
  • Burns fat
  • Increases thermogenesis (calorie expenditure)
  • Fights cancer
  • Antioxidant

  • Theory:
    The anti-tumor/anti-cancer properties attributed to CLA may be due to an antioxidant effect or to an undefined interaction between CLA and various carcinogens. CLA is also theorized to modulate the production of prostaglandins, which are derived from fatty acid molecules and have been linked to an elevated synthesis of growth hormone. Increased growth hormone levels are viewed as beneficial to both athletes and dieters as a way to promote enhanced muscle growth, strength and fat loss. Some prostaglandins may also increase blood circulation to the muscles and adipose tissue - an effect that has been suggested to improve muscle function and fat mobilization. Perhaps the more tantalizing effects of CLA when it comes to supplements, however, are those reported for the induction of weight loss, body fat loss and increased caloric expenditure.

    Scientific Support:
    The majority of research on dietary intake of CLA has been conducted in animals. Several studies have indicated an anti-tumor effect of CLA in normal doses (1-4 grams) - close to what an average person might consume daily from a "typical" intake of meat and dairy products. The potential anti-cancer effects of CLA (most notable the cis-9/trans-11 isomer) have been attributed to several possible mechanisms including its actions as an antioxidant.

    The positive effects of CLA on body composition (less fat and more lean) have been shown in numerous animal studies (pigs, mice, rats, chicks), but the evidence in humans has been somewhat controversial. The joke around the scientific meetings has always been that CLA is a great weight loss supplement for mice, but not so good for humans. This view, however, is rapidly beginning to change based on recent results from several research groups.

    In animals, adding CLA (primarily the trans-10/cis-12 isomer) to the diet consistently leads to the supplemented animals gaining less body fat, but more lean body mass (muscle), compared to control animals. As such, many of the studies show no change in total body weight - but that weight is made up of less fat and more muscle - good stuff! - but remember, these results are primarily being shown in rodents and livestock (very few of which are reading these web pages). In livestock studies (cattle, pigs, chickens), supplemental CLA has been shown to promote growth and prevent muscle wasting, whereas body fat accumulation and energy expenditure increased - so here you get a leaner stronger animal (isn't that what we're all looking for in terms of weight loss?). As a nice side benefit, CLA feeding also appears to reduce LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels in rabbits with elevated cholesterol. So what does this picture look like? - A Happy Barnyard! The cattle, pigs and chickens are all low-fat, high-muscle machines - sort of like a barnyard version of Muscle Beach. Likewise, the CLA-supplemented lab animals (rats, rabbits, and mice) are slim and trim and are the envy of the guinea pigs who only seem to get recruited for the studies on carcinogens and tobacco-related studies.

    But what does this all mean for you (the non-lab-rat human looking to shed a few pounds)? Based on a handful of recent studies, it means good news (maybe). Two recent studies have shown that CLA supplementation (3-4 grams/day) promotes a loss of body fat (2-4 lbs. extra in overweight subjects over 12 weeks) and reduces abdominal fat (by about 1 inch) in obese men. So does this mean that CLA is the answer to your weight loss prayers? Probably not - but it might help (keep reading).

    Despite these recent positive findings on CLA, there are numerous earlier (but small) studies that have found no benefits of CLA for fat loss. One small study of weight lifters found no differences on measures of body weight, fat mass or fat-free mass following a month of CLA supplementation, but this study looked at subjects who already had a fairly low body fat percentage (14%). Another small study followed 10 subjects consuming 3-4 grams of CLA each day for three months and compared them to 10 subjects consuming a placebo. Results showed no difference in weight loss between CLA and placebo, but those talking CLA dropped somewhat more body fat (a good thing). In another study of 17 healthy women, CLA supplements (3 grams/day) or a sunflower oil placebo for 64 days, resulted in no change in body weight, fat-free mass, fat mass, or percentage of body fat. Likewise, CLA had no significant effect on energy expenditure, fat oxidation, or respiratory exchange ratio at rest or during exercise.

    Bottom line=the scientific evidence is overwhelmingly positive in the animal studies, but about evenly split between positive and no-effect studies of humans (see more in the Value section).

    Safety:
    No adverse side effects are reported with CLA supplementation - but at least one of the more recent human trials reported that about 30% of subjects reported gastrointestinal symptoms associated with recommended doses (3-5 grams/day).

    Value:
    Confused yet? What we're left with is a supplement that has scientific evidence on both side of the fence (like almost every supplement) - which side of the CLA fence should you be on? In considering the overall "value" of CLA for fat loss, we need to consider some of the metabolic differences between animals (where almost all of the CLA data is positive for lowering body fat and increasing lean tissue) and humans (where we have a split). Rodents, for example, have a metabolic rate that is about 7 times higher than that of a human - which translates, after normalizing rodent and human data to the same scales, to a reduction of body fat that is 7 times greater in rodents than in humans following CLA supplementation. In the rodent studies, CLA supplementation has also been shown to increase daily energy expenditure by nearly 8% - but in humans this effect may only be a bit over 1% (too small to be detected in anything but the largest study using the most sensitive equipment). So this leaves you to make our own judgement call - to supplement with CLA or not. Our recommendation is that if you're looking for a non-stimulant method for slightly increasing energy expenditure and promoting body fat loss, then CLA is worth a try (perhaps combined with green tea extract).

    Dosage:
    Most people ingest less than 1 gram per day from meat and dairy foods. Typical dosage recommendations are 3-5 grams per day and the 2 most recent studies on CLA have shown benefits using doses of 3.4g and 4.2g per day. Because most of the studies showing a positive effect of CLA have used the TonalinTM brand of CLA (a 50/50 blend of the cis-9/trans-11 and trans-10/cis-12 isomers), SupplementWatch recommends that you look for products that include TonalinTM.












    Popular Steroids:
    Jintropin 10IU(100IU/box)
    Jintropin 4IU(40IU/box)
    Jintropin™ AQ 30iu (150iu/kit)
    Jintropin™ AQ 30iu (300iu/kit)

    Anadrol (oxymetholone)
    Durabol 100, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate
    Anavar (oxandrolone)
    Andriol (testosterone undecanoate)
    Androgel (testosterone)
    Arimidex(anastrozole)
    Aromasin (exemestane)
    Clenbuterol
    Clomid (clomiphene citrate)
    Cytomel (liothyronine sodium)
    Deca Durabolin (nandrolone decanoate)
    Deca
    Anabol/Dianabol(Methandrostenolone)
    Anabol 50mg (Methandrostenolone)
    Averbol 25 (Injectable Dianabol)
    Ephedrine Level 25mg
    Nucofed (Ephedrine)
    Equipoise (Boldenone Undecylenate)
    GP Letrozole (Letrozole)
    Trenabol 75 (Trenbolone Acetate)
    Halotestin (fluoxymesterone)
    Human Chorionic Gonadotropin 5000IU
    Somatropin 8IU
    Humulin (Insulin Lispro)
    Masteron 100 (Drostanolon Propionate)
    Nolvadex 40mg (tamoxifen citrate)
    Omnadren 250
    Primobol (Methenolone Acetate) 50mg
    Primoteston Depot
    Cypioject (Testosterone cypionate)
    Sustanon 250
    Teslac (testolactone)
    Testosterone Enanthate 250
    Testosterone Cypionate
    Testosterone Propionate
    Testosterone Suspension
    Trenbolone Depot (Trenbolone Enanthate)
    Testolic (Testosterone Propionate) 100mg/ml, 2ml amps
    Winstrol (Stanozolol)
    Winstrol Depot (stanozolol) 50mg
    Viagra
    Cialis
    IGF 1
    Propecia













Home | F.A.Q. | Terms & Conditions | Contact us
 
© 2005-2017 pharmaeurope.net
 

www.pharmaeu.net    PharmaEurope.org    PharmaEurope.net    www.BulkPharmaEurope.com    BulkPharmaEurope.net    BulkPharma.net